What is Aeration?

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Removing small cores of soil from your lawn reduces soil compaction and promotes root growth for healthier grass! This naturally occurring process of air exchange between the soil and its surrounding atmosphere is what aeration is all about. In other words, we remove small plugs of thatch and soil from the lawn to improve natural soil aeration; this technique is commonly called “core aeration”. Other Terms commonly used for soil cultivation (coring, spiking, and slicing). All of which fall into the aeration family.

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When to Aerate your Lawn?

Aeration

Cool Season Turf

The number one question asked is “When is a good time to aerate my lawn.”  The proper time depends on the type of turf you have and how it is used. Cool-season turf-grass such as fescue or over-seeding lawns with perennial ryegrass, both spring and fall are ideal times to aerate and seed turf. By adding seed to this process it will ensure a dense lawn as for these types of grasses grow in a pod-like shape. In spring, aerate between March and May. Perform fall aeration between August and November. Fall is the Best time to over-seed lawns during aeration. Aerate before or at the time of late-season fertilization enhances root growth and improves spring green-up and growth.

Warm Season Turf

Warm season turf grass, such as Zoysia and Bermuda should be aerated in mid-spring to summer. Avoid aerating when warm-season grasses are dormant. This may encourage weed competition. In addition, you want to avoid aerating warm-season grasses during spring green-up period, and not until after the first spring mowing has been completed. Most home lawns benefit from annual aeration. Heavily used lawns or those growing on heavy clay may need aeration twice a year. Golf Greens and Athletic Fields may need aeration three to five times per year depending on the amount of use.

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    What to Expect for our Service

    As a rule, we aerate every lawn horizontally and then again at a 45 degree angle to ensure proper penetration of the soil. Immediately after we aerate your lawn will be dotted with small plugs pulled from the soil. Within a week or two, they break apart and disappear into the lawn. Between 7 to 10 days after aeration, these holes will be filled with white, actively growing roots. Finally, the turf is receiving additional oxygen, moisture, and nutrients from the soil.

    In addition to higher density turf, on compacted soils and on lawns with slopes, you should see an immediate difference in water puddling and runoff after irrigation or rainfall. After aeration, your lawn should be able to go longer between waterings, without showing signs of wilt. With repeat aerations over time, your lawn will show enhanced heat and drought stress tolerance. Remember, most lawns benefit from annual aeration. Lawns that receive this care will be healthier, more vigorous, easier to maintain and have fewer pest problems.

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    Implementing a precise lawn treatment program and aeration is a great way to get the golf course dense lawn you have always wanted.

    In conclusion, here are some of the many benefits to annual lawn aeration.

    • Improved air exchange between the soil and atmosphere.
    • Enhanced soil water uptake.
    • Improved fertilizer uptake and use.
    • Reduced water runoff and puddling.
    • Stronger turf grass roots.
    • Reduced soil compaction.
    • Enhanced heat and drought stress tolerance.
    • Improved resiliency and cushioning.
    • Enhanced thatch breakdown.
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